Obesity in India is on the rise, there is no doubt about it. According to The Overseas Development Institute (ODI), one of the leading think tanks functioning independently, has found one in three Indians in the adult age group are obese or overweight and count up to

1.46 billion across the world. Obesity has turned into an epidemic and needs to be attended to seriously to avoid development of other associated chronic diseases. Obesity may refer to gaining excess weight than the normal body weight to being mildly overweight and ending up as morbidly obese. Patients with morbid obesity do not respond to weight loss treatments such as diet control, regular exercises along with behaviour modification.

Morbid obesity can affect the quality of life leaving it impaired and reduce life expectancy. This type of obesity can lead to maximum number of deaths in the 21st century if weight management treatments are not done effectively. Due to advancement in medical treatments, morbid obesity can be treated surgically that can be done through a laparoscopic method. This type of surgery involves minimum hours of hospitalization as well as pain and less time to recover.

Doctors are known to suggest Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy as a treatment procedure for morbid obesity. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy is a surgical method wherein approximately 2/3 portion of the stomach is stapled off. As a result of this weigh loss procedure, the stomach is reduced to 25 percent from its original size and a large portion of the stomach is surgically removed along with a more curvature. The stomach is thus formed into a sleeve or tube like structure.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy does not involve any reconnection or rerouting of the intestines. Due to this reason, this type of surgery is considered a furthermore simpler surgical method for weight loss in comparison to gastric bypass. The food absorption process also remains normal.

Due to Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy, hunger is known to be reduced because the hunger stimulating hormone producing part of the stomach is removed. This type of surgery helps in making the patients feeling full with liquids, which is unlike in the case of the gastric bypass and gastric band.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Surgery usually takes about 60 minutes (1 hour) and requires hospitalization of 25 hours for keeping the patient under observation. According to the treating doctors, the recuperation time from this treatment requires minimum of four days.

The results of undergoing a Laparoscopic Sleeve Surgery include patients achieving excess weight loss of close to 60-90 percent at the end of two years, offers satiety with small amount of food. No malabsorption has also been noticed.

With the help of this surgery, about 90-98 percent of the patients have been seen to have resolved health issues such as hypertension or high blood pressure, diabetes or high blood sugar, sleep apnoea, hyperlipidaemia or high cholesterol levels, and knee joint pain. This has ultimately resulted in giving these patients a better quality of life to enjoy.

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